Master Olof: A Drama in Five Acts.

Master Olof: A Drama in Five Acts. PDF

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Master Olof, a drama in five acts written by August Strindberg, showcases the early brilliance and creative depth of one of Sweden’s most influential playwrights. Published in 1872, when Strindberg was only twenty-three years old, this play explores themes of religious conflict, political power, and personal struggle. In this concise review, we delve into the key aspects and merits of Master Olof, examining its plot, characters, writing style, themes, and overall impact.

Plot and Setting

Master Olof is set in sixteenth-century Sweden during the Reformation, a time of religious turmoil. The story revolves around the protagonist, Olof, a young clergyman who becomes a symbol of reform. The plot explores Olof’s struggle to reconcile his faith and personal desires, as he navigates the conflicts between the Catholic Church, the emerging Lutheran movement, and the ruling class. Strindberg weaves a captivating narrative, filled with political intrigue, moral dilemmas, and intense confrontations.


The characters in Master Olof are vividly portrayed and deeply complex, reflecting Strindberg’s early talent for character development. Olof represents the idealistic and conflicted reformer torn between his spiritual convictions and human desires. The supporting characters, such as Archbishop Gustav Vasa, King Gustav I, and Christine, Olof’s love interest, provide a diverse range of perspectives and motivations, adding depth and intrigue to the story.

Writing Style

Strindberg’s writing style in Master Olof is eloquent and evocative, displaying his command over language and ability to create atmospheric scenes. The dialogue is engaging, filled with thought-provoking exchanges that highlight the clash of ideas and values. Strindberg masterfully captures the historical context while infusing the play with timeless themes that resonate with readers even today.


Master Olof addresses several themes that remain relevant throughout history. The play explores the tension between personal freedom and societal expectations, as well as the struggle between religious dogma and spiritual introspection. It delves into the abuse of power, political manipulation, and the consequences of radical reform. Strindberg also examines the role of women and the limitations imposed upon them within a patriarchal society.


Master Olof stands as a significant milestone in August Strindberg’s career, showcasing his early talent and foreshadowing the themes and techniques he would later develop in his more mature works. The play was groundbreaking for its time, as Strindberg challenged established norms and institutions, provoking both critical acclaim and controversy. Master Olof played a crucial role in establishing Strindberg as one of the leading voices in Scandinavian drama.


Master Olof: A Drama in Five Acts by August Strindberg is a compelling and thought-provoking play that captures the essence of religious and political conflict in sixteenth-century Sweden. Strindberg’s adept character development, engaging dialogue, and exploration of universal themes make this play a timeless work of literature. With its historical context and powerful storytelling, Master Olof continues to captivate readers and serves as a testament to Strindberg’s genius as a playwright.